Higher education graduates are less affected by unemployment in times of crisis, smoke less and are less likely to become obese, according to a report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development unveiled Tuesday.
“The employment gap between young people with a good level of education and those who dropped out of school increased steadily during the crisis,” says the 21st report “Education at a Glance” “from the OECD.
The organization has screened about thirty indicators (teacher salaries, class size …) in the member countries of the organization as well as in South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Argentina, Brazil and China. , India, Indonesia and Russia.
Most of the data stop in 2011 and therefore do not take into account the subsequent budget cuts in the context of the debt crisis. “Today, it is more important than ever to leave school with a good level of qualification”.
It urges public authorities to “focus their efforts on measures for young people”, including “less qualified, more exposed to the risk of low wages”.
The unemployment rate of those who have not completed high school is almost three times higher (13%) than that of graduates of higher education (5%).
And higher education graduates earn on average 50% more than high school graduates.
For the first time, the report looked at the correlation between educational attainment, smoking and obesity. On average, tertiary graduates are half as likely to become obese as those who stopped high school.
Similarly, in OECD countries where 30% of adults smoke daily, this rate rises to 37% among those who stopped high school, but drops to 21% among tertiary graduates.